JayandCo’s coffee is made from 100% Arabica coffee beans. However, we thought it only fair to give the Robusta Coffee bean a mention. Knowing the difference between the Arabica and Robusta bean is important when it comes to understanding coffee.
What is the Robusta Coffee Bean?
As the name suggests, the Robusta is a sturdy species of coffee bean. Made from the Coffea canephora plant. It is easy to care for and less prone to disease than the Arabica variety. The Robusta bean is a rounder in shape than the oval Arabica.
It produces a coffee with low acidity and high levels of bitterness. Primarily, Robusta beans used in instant coffee, espresso and as a filter in ground coffee blends. The caffeine content of the Robusta is almost twice that of the Arabica but it does contain more antioxidants.
The Robusta accounts for almost 40% of the world’s coffee production. The number one producer of Robusta beans is Vietnam. Brazil, India, Indonesia and certain areas of Africa also grow Robusta beans.
The Robusta tree is able to withstand warmer climates than the Arabica tree. Because it adores constant temperatures between 75-85F (24-29C), it can grow at much lower altitudes. Therefore, It can manage with about 60 inches of rainfall a year but is vulnerable to frost.
The Robusta is Cheaper and Easier than the Arabica
Grown at lower altitudes on flatter land, it is easier to harvest the Robusta using machinery. This helps to make it cheaper to produce than the Arabica.
Farmers usually plant the seeds during the wet season in large beds in shaded nurseries. The beans are harvested by hand or machine, after which they are processed and milled for quality. After this, they are exported for testing and tasting, roasting, and finally the ground into the coffee that we know and love.