Black tea and green tea are both produced from the same plant Camellia sinensis. Despite this, there are some key differences between the two. This blog post looks to cover the key differences between these two world-famous styles of tea.
Black Tea and Green Tea are Processed Differently
The amount of oxidisation is the key difference between black tea and green tea.
Heated using steam (more common in Japan) or in a pan (more common in China) to prevent oxidisation, green tea retains much of the fresh colour of the alive plant, giving a fresher, cleaner taste.
In contrast, black tea is made using fully oxidised tea leaves. Fresh tea leaves are withered before being crushed, torn or rolled and, finally, dried.
The Caffeine Content is Different
Many believe that green tea has less caffieine than black tea. Generally speaking they are correct, however, some black tea is actually lower in caffeine.
Green tea tends to contain 25 – 29 grams of caffeine, whilst black tea can range from 25 – 48 grams. As you can see from these ranges it is possible to have some overlap. Always check the caffeine content before assuming it is a lower-caffeine beverage. For those who are looking to limit their caffeine intake, it is advisable to have a decaffeinated tea rather than go searching for a low-caffeine alternative.
They are both as Healthy as Each Other
The good news is that black tea and green tea have been found to be as healthy as one another! Check out our blog post to find out more about the health benefits of tea. It really does highlight how tea is something of a super drink!
They Taste Distinctive from One Another
The difference in taste is perhaps the most obvious distinction between these two teas. Green tea tends to invoke words such as “light”, “fresh”, “grassy” and “delicate”. In contrast, black tea tends to have stronger flavours and often described as “deep”, “rich”, “bitter” or even “smoky”.
Clearly, the taste between teas can vary wildly. It can depend on the country of origin, how they are processed, the quality of the tea leaves and dozens of other variables. There is a huge variety of teas available!
Clearly, there are key similarities and differences between these two famous brews. However, these variations are not so strong that you will gain any distinctive benefits from one when compared to the other. Our recommendation would be to drink the one you enjoy!